ETTWEIN, et' vain, JOHN: Moravian bishop; b. at Freudenstadt (40 m. s.w. of Stuttgart), Württemberg, June 29, 1721; d. at Bethlehem, Pa., Jan. 2, 1802. In 1754 he emigrated to America. In 1772 he led the Christian Indians from Susquehanna County in Pennsylvania to the Tuscarawas River in Ohio. He was a friend of Washington, and devoted himself to the care of the sick soldiers in the general army hospital at Bethlehem, Pa. In 1787 he founded the Society of the United Brethren for Propagating the Gospel among the Heathen, to which Congress granted several townships on the Tuscarawas, in trust, for the Christian Indians. He was consecrated bishop June 25, 1784, and stood at the head of his Church till his retirement, on account of ill health, in 1801. He prepared a vocabulary of the language of the Delaware Indians, which has been published by the Historical Society of Pennsylvania.