ETHERIDGE, JOHN WESLEY: English Methodist; b. on a farm, four miles from Newport, Isle of Wight, Feb. 24, 1804; d. at Camborne (50 m. w.s.w. of Plymouth), Cornwall, May 24, 1866. He was self-educated, began to preach in 1826, and continued nearly all his life a circuit preacher. Nevertheless his scholarship and learning won him the degree of Ph.D. from Heidelberg in 1847, and he found time to write books of value, the chief being: Horæ Aramaicæ, notes on the Aramaic dialects and the Aramaic versions of Scripture with translations of the Gospel of Matthew and the Epistle to the Hebrews from the Peshitto (London, 1843); The Syrian Churches, their Early History, Liturgies, and Literature (1846); The Apostolical Acts and Epistles, from the Peshitto, etc. (1849); Jerusalem and Tiberias . . . a Survey of the Religious and Scholastic Learning of the Jews (1856); The Targums of Onkelos and Jonathan ben Uzziel, etc. (2 vols., 1862-65). He wrote also biographies of Adam Clarke and Thomas Coke.