IVERACH, iv'er-H, JAMES: United Free Presbyterian Church, Scotland; b. in Caithness June 1, 1839. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh (1859-63) and New College, Edinburgh (1863-67), and was ordained to the ministry in 1869. He held pastorates at West Calder, Edinburgh (1869-74), and Ferryhill, Aberdeen (1874-1887); was professor of apologetics and dogmatics in United Free Church College, Aberdeen (1887-1907), and principal (1905-07); and has been professor of New-Testament language and literature (since 1907). He has written Life of Moses (London, 1881); Is God Knowable? (1884); St. Paul, his Life and Times (1890); Christianity and Evolution (1894); The Truth of Christianity (1895); Theism, in the Light of Present Science and Philosophy (1900); Descartes, Spinoza, and the New Philosophy (1904); and Other Side of Greatness, and Other Sermons (1906).