FOWLER, JOSEPH THOMAS: Church of land; b. at Winterton (12 m. s. w. of Hull), Lincolnshire, June 9, 1833. He was educated at St. Thomas' Hospital Medical School, London (M.R.C.S., L.S.A., 1856), and Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham (B.A., 1861), and was house surgeon at St. Thomas' Hospital 1856-57 and at the Bradford Infirmary 1857-58. After the completion of his theological studies he was curate of Houghtonle-Spring, Durham, 1861-63, chaplain and precentor at St. John's College, Hurstpierpoint, 1864-1869, and curate of North Kelsey, Lincolnshire, 1870. Since 1870 he has been vice-principal of Bishop Hatfield's Hall, Durham, and university lecturer in Hebrew since 1871, as well as university librarian from 1873 to 1901. He was public examiner in theology 1874-75, senior proctor 1876-77 and 1899-1901, and junior proctor 1882-87. He was keeper of Bishop Cosin's library in 1889 and has been honorary canon of Durham since 1897. He has been for many years local secretary for Durham of the Royal Society of Antiquaries of London, and vice-president of the Surtees Society since 1873. In theology he is an orthodox Churchman, inclining neither to Protestantism nor Roman Catholicism. He has edited for the Surtees Society Acts of the Chapter of Ripon (Newcastle, 1875); The Newminster Cartulary (1878); Memorials of Ripon (3 vols., 1882-88); Metrical Life of St. Cuthbert (1891); Durham Account Rolls (3 vols., 1898-1901); and Rites of Durham (1903); for the Yorkshire Archæological Society Cistercian Statutes (London, 1890); for the Yorkshire Record Society Coucher Book of Selby (2 vols., Worksop, 1891-93); and also Adamnani Vita Sancti Columbœ (Oxford, 1894). He has written Life and Letters of John Bacchus Dykes (London, 1897); Durham Cathedral (1898), and Durham University (1904).