FAUCHET, fō"shê', CLAUDE. (Abbé Fauchet): French bishop and revolutionist; b. at Dornes (21 m. s.s.e. of Nevers), Department of Nièvre, Sept. 22, 1744; executed in Paris Oct. 31, 1793. He devoted himself to the Church and soon became famous as an orator. He was grand vicar of the archbishop of Bourges, preacher to the king, and abbé of Montfort-Lacarre, in Brittany. In 1788 he was deprived of his office as preacher to the king on account of his revolutionary views; and on July 14, 1789 he was one of the leaders in the attack on the Bastile. He was a member of the Commune, and was chosen by that body to deliver an Éloge civique de Benjamin Franklin (Paris, 1790). His De la religion nationale (Paris, 1789), led to his appointment as constitutional bishop of Calvados in 1791. The same year he was elected deputy to the legislative assembly, afterward to the convention. At first a Jacobin, he was forced by the execution of the king, which he had opposed, to side with the Girondists. He was arrested on July 18, 1793, and guillotined with the Girondist deputies on Oct. 31. Besides publishing a number of revolutionary addresses, he edited La Bouche de Fer and the Journal des Amis. His Œuvres choisies are in J. P. Migne's Collection . . . des orateurs sacrés, vol. lxvi.