FAIRBAIRN, PATRICK: Scotch Presbyterian; b. at Hallyburton (32 m. s.e. of Edinburgh), Berwickshire, Jan. 28, 1805; d. at Glasgow Aug. 6, 1874. He was educated at the University of Edinburgh, was licensed to preach in 1826, and from 1830 to 1836 was located in the Orkney Islands. In 1836 he was transferred to Bridgeton, Glasgow, and in 1840 to Salton, in East Lothian. In 1843 he left the Established Church, but remained in Salton as pastor of the Free Church. In 1853 he was appointed professor of divinity in the theological college of the Free Church at Aberdeen, and in 1856 he was transferred to the Free Church college at Glasgow. He was appointed principal of the institution on Nov. 4 of the same year and held this position till his death. In 1865 he was moderator of the General Assembly, and in 1867 a member of the Scotch delegation appointed to visit Presbyterian churches in the United States. He was also one of the company for revising the Old Testament. His principal works are, The Typology of Scripture (2 vols., Edinburgh, 1845-47; new ed., New York, 1900; a guide in the interpretation of Biblical symbolism), Ezekiel and the Book of his Prophecy (1851); Prophecy Viewed in its Distinctive Nature, its Special Functions, and its Proper Interpretation (1856); Hermeneutical Manual (1858); and Pastoral Theology, with a Biographical Sketch of the Author, by J. Dodds (1875). He also edited The Imperial Bible Dictionary (2 vols., London, 1866) and translated several theological works from the German.