FAIRBAIRN, ANDREW MARTIN: Congregationalist; b. near Edinburgh Nov. 4, 1838. He studied in Edinburgh (B.A., 1860), at the Evangelical Union Theological Academy, Glasgow (1856-1861), and the University of Berlin (1866-67). After being minister of Evangelical Union Congregational churches at Bathgate, West Lothian (1860-1872), and St. Paul St., Aberdeen (1872-77), he was principal of Airedale College, Bradford, England, until 1886; and Mansfield College, Oxford, from 1886 till his retirement 1909. He was chairman of Congregational Union of England and Wales in 1883 and a member of the royal commission on secondary education in 1894-95, of the theological board and theological examinar in the University of Wales in 1895-1904, and of the advisory committee to the theological faculty in the University of Manchester in 1904. He was Muir Lecturer in the University of Edinburgh in 1878-82, Lyman Beecher lecturer at Yale in 1891-92, Gifford Lecturer in the University of Aberdeen in 1892-94, Haskell Lecturer of the University of Chicago in India in 1898-99, and Deems Lecturer in New York University, 1906. He has written Studies in the Philosophy of Religion and History (London, 1876); Studies in the Life of Christ (1881); The City of God (1882); Religion in History and in Modern Life (1884); Christ in Modern Theology (1893); Christ in the Centuries (1893); Catholicism, Roman and Anglican (1899); and The Philosophy of the Christian Religion (1902).