ENZINAS, FRANCISCO DE: Spanish Protestant; b. at Burgos, Spain, c. 1520; d. at Geneva 1570. He was known in Germany by the Grecized form of his name, Dryander, and by the name Eichmann, in France as Duchesne, in Holland as Van Eyck--all translations of his Spanish name, which means "oakman." He studied in the Netherlands and embraced the Reformation; then visited Wittenberg, where he translated the New Testament from the Greek into Spanish under the eye of Melanchthon. His completed work he took to the Netherlands and published it there (Antwerp, 1543). He dedicated it to Charles V. and presented it in person to the emperor at Brussels. But this procedure was so evidently in the interest of the Reformation in Spain that it could not be permitted to pass unpunished, consequently Enzinas was soon after thrown into prison. He escaped in 1545, and thereafter lived in different places. His brother, Jaime, also embraced Protestantism, prepared a catechism in Spanish setting forth the Evangelical faith, and printed it at Antwerp (1545). He then, in pursuance of his father's directions, went to Rome, where he was burned at the stake, 1546. The third brother, Juan, also became a Protestant, but, settling in Germany, escaped persecution. See SPAIN, THE REFORMATION IN.


Bibliography: Mémoires de Francisco de Enzinas, 2 vols., Brussels, 1862-63, cf. ZKG, xiii. (1892); T. McCrie, Hist. of ... the Reformation in Spain, chap. v., Edinburgh, 1829; . C. Lea, Hist. of the Inquisition of Spain, iii. 424, New York, 1907; KL, iv. 661-662.