BINGHAM, HIRAM: Congregational missionary; b. at Honolulu, Hawaii, Aug. 16, 1831; d. at Baltimore Oct. 25, 1908. He was educated at Yale College (B.A., 1853) and Andover Theological Seminary (1854-55), and, after acting as principal of the Northampton High School in 1853-54, entered the service of the American Board of Commissioners for Foreign Missions in 1856. He began his missionary activity in the Gilbert Islands in 1857, and from 1866 to 1868 was in command of the missionary brig Morning Star. He was corresponding secretary of the board of the Hawaiian Evangelical Association from 1877 to 1880. From 1880-82 he was Hawaiian government protector of South Sea immigrants. In theology he was a conservative. He has written Story of the Morning Star (Boston, 1866); Gilbertese Bible (New York, 1893); Gilbertese Bible Dictionary (Honolulu, 1895); Gilbertese Hymn and Tune Book (New York, 1897); Gilbertese Commentary on Matthew (1904); and Gilbertese Commentary on the Four Gospels (1905).